Introduction to law reports
Law reports or reporters are series of books that contain judicial opinions from a selection of case law decided by courts. When a particular judicial opinion is referenced, the law report series in which the opinion is printed will determine the case citation format.
Official law reports, or reporters, are those authorized for publication. Governments designate law reports as official to provide an authoritative, consistent, and authentic statement of a jurisdiction's primary law. However, there also exists unofficial law reports, that are published commercially and are not officially sanctioned. In Australia and New Zealand, for example, official reports are called authorised reports and unofficial are referred to as unauthorised reports.
Law report citations often contain the following information:
- Report title
- Volume number
- Page, section, or paragraph number
- Publication year
In some law reports, volumes are not numbered independently of the year.
Instructions for certain law reports
Landlord and Tenant Law Reports
From the first issue of 2001, all Sweet & Maxwell law reports contain paragraph numbers. Each case is also given a unique citation. This takes the form of  L. & T.R 1 for the first case reported in the L. & T.R in 2001. The case are used the reference point for tables of cases and legislation and also for the subject index as appropriate. Tables of contents are still reference to page number.
Main Article: Nominate reports
Prior to 1865, collections of law reports were published privately by individuals. They were often referred to by the name of the individual reporter, and were subsequently known as nominate reports (but also known as nominative reports, named reports, and private reports).
After law reporting was officially taken over by the Incorporated Council of Law Reporting (ICLR), many of these older cases were republished in the English Reports or the All England Law Reports.
Some of these reports are also available via The Commonwealth Legal Information Institute (Commonlii).
Main individual UK law reports
The following table lists the main law reports in the UK, as well as where they can be found and their associated citation.
|All England Law Reports||1936 -||All ER||LexisLibrary|
|All England Law Reports Reprints||1558 - 1935||All ER Rep||LexisLibrary|
|Business Law Reports||2007 -||Bus LR||Westlaw|
|Criminal Appeal Reports||1967 -||Cr. App. R.||Westlaw|
|English Reports||1220 - 1873||ER||HeinOnline and Westlaw|
|Estate Gazette Law Reports||1975 -||EGLR||LexisLibrary|
|European Human Rights Reports||1979 -||EHRR||Westlaw|
|Human Rights Law Reports (UK)||2000 -||HRLR||Westlaw|
|Industrial Relations Law Reports||1972 -||IRLR||LexisLibrary|
|Industrial Cases Reports||1972 -||ICR||ICLR|
|Public and Third Sector Law Reports||2009 -||PTSR||ICLR|
|The Law Reports||1865 -||(main article)||Westlaw and LexisLibrary|
|Times Law Reports||1785 - 1985||TLR||Times Digital Archive|
|Times Law Reports||1988 -||TLR||LexisLibrary|
|Weekly Law Reports||1953 -||WLR||ICLR and Westlaw|
Main individual EU law reports
The following table lists the main law reports in the EU, as well as where they can be found and their associated citation.
|All England Law Reports European Cases||1995 -||All ER (EC)||LexisLibrary|
|Common Law Market Reports||1962 -||CMLR||Westlaw|
|European Court Reports||1954 -||ECR||EUR-lex and Westlaw|
|Official Journal||1998 -||ECR||EUR-lex|